Friday, October 18, 2013

How to install packages on Asus RT-AC66U with DD-WRT (opkg)

If you are having issues installing packages with the built-in ipkg, this post might help you. Please note that the links that I provide are hardware specific, so you need to find what your hardware is and then find the proper download path here - http://downloads.openwrt.org/attitude_adjustment/12.09/.

Before we start, let's make sure your USB is working. Make sure it's formatted with ext3.

=> 1- USB Setup

1a. Login to your router and go to Services => USB:


1b. Make sure that these options are enabled:
- Core USB Support
- USB Storage Support
- Automatic Drive Mount

1c. Connect to your router via ssh and plug in your USB; then run the command "df -h"

# df -h
 Filesystem                Size      Used Available Use% Mounted on
 rootfs                   16.0M     16.0M         0 100% /
 /dev/root                16.0M     16.0M         0 100% /
 none                    512.0K         0    512.0K   0% /dev
 /dev/sda1               464.9M     0    464.9M   0% /tmp/mnt/sda1

My USB drive shows as '/dev/sda1' mounted in '/tmp/mnt/sda1'

1d. Create a /opt and /jffs on your USB drive

# mkdir /tmp/mnt/sda1/opt /tmp/mnt/sda1/jffs

1e. Back to your router admin page, go to Administration => Commands. Add a startup command with the following code:

 ## Sets up USB mount
 CURRENT_MOUNT=$(df -h | grep sda | awk '{print $6}')
 umount $CURRENT_MOUNT
 mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
 mount -o bind /mnt/opt /opt
 mount -o bind /mnt/jffs /jffs

Note: the command above assumes you have only one USB device and it shows as /dev/sda*

1f. Reboot the router

reboot

1g. Logon via ssh again and check the mount points

 # df -h
 Filesystem                Size      Used Available Use% Mounted on
 rootfs                   16.0M     16.0M         0 100% /
 /dev/root                16.0M     16.0M         0 100% /
 none                    512.0K         0    512.0K   0% /dev
 /dev/sda1               464.9M     0    464.9M   0% /tmp/mnt
 /dev/sda1               464.9M     0    464.9M   0% /opt
 /dev/sda1               464.9M     0    464.9M   0% /jffs

=> 2- Install opkg

2a. First let's update the ipkg package list

ipkg update

2b. Now let's install opkg to '/jffs'

ipkg -d /jffs install http://downloads.openwrt.org/attitude_adjustment/12.09/brcm47xx/generic/packages/opkg_618-3_brcm47xx.ipk 

2c. Set 'dest root' in '/jffs/etc/opkg.conf' to use '/jffs'

# cat /jffs/etc/opkg.conf
src/gz attitude_adjustment http://downloads.openwrt.org/attitude_adjustment/12.09/brcm47xx/generic/packages
dest root /jffs
dest ram /tmp
lists_dir ext /var/opkg-lists
option overlay_root /overlay 

2d. Update opkg

opkg -f /jffs/etc/opkg.conf update

2e. Install libc (dependency)

opkg -f /jffs/etc/opkg.conf install http://downloads.openwrt.org/attitude_adjustment/12.09/brcm47xx/generic/packages/libc_0.9.33.2-1_brcm47xx.ipk

2f. Now you can install packages with

opkg -f /jffs/etc/opkg.conf install [package]

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hey very good Job ! but i have a tp-link WDR3600 V1.5 not Asus router, it's good for mount jffs on usb drive, with your script, but i not have jffs option in administration router for activate jffs and it's not the good link for install optware package on your article for WDR3600 tplink router have you ?

czarsath93 said...

Thank you very much! I got stuck with the DDWRT official Optware tutorial. But yours was very clear and helpful. Keep up the good work.

Anonymous said...

Finally a working tutorial for my router! DD-WRT Wiki it the worst wiki ever - it has too many information and half of that stuff is not working...
Thanks!